A tongue-tie is where a semi-thick piece of tissue (lingual frenulum) connects the tongue to the jaw. Newborns often have a tongue-tie, which can cause problems with breast feeding. Additionally, tongue-ties may cause myofunctional issues with proper tongue placement and movement. Improper tongue placement may cause teeth misalignment and breathing issues.
Removing the tongue-tie is a simple surgical procedure called a frenotomy. The frenotomy involves either sterile scissors or a laser to snip the tissue. Healing is fairly quick and there is minimal pain and discomfort if done early.
A lip-tie is much like a tongue-tie except that the tissue is under the upper lip. A lip-tie can cause issues with breast feeding for both mother and child. The lip-tie can make latching more difficult for the baby and more painful for the mother.
The treatment for a lip-tie is the same as with a tongue-tie.